If you want a proper definition of Yoga, it basically sums up as a group of physical, mental and spiritual practices or disciplines that were formed back in the times of ancient India by the Hindu orthodox schools out of the Hindu Philosophical traditions. If you research you will find that as it stands as one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu Philosophical traditions, it has a wide variety of yoga schools, practices and goals in Hinduism , Jainism and Buddhism. The term “yoga” defines a modern form of exercise which includes postures called asanas.
It is speculated by different archeologists and diplomats that Yoga was actually originated back in the days of pre-vedic Indian traditions which are mentioned in the Rigveda. They also speculate that probably they were developed around the 6th and 5th centuries BCE during the ancient India’s ascetic and sramana movements. Although it is unclear about the chronology of earliest texts describing yoga practices, but many people give credit to the Upanishads partly.It is believed that the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali were dated back in the first half of the 1st millennium CE and became prominent in the West side of the country during the 20th century. Hatha Yoga which is also a major portion of the Yoga is believed to be invented between 9th and 11th century along with the origins in Tantras.
Origination of the Yoga Gurus
Besides the success of Swami Vivekananda in the late 19th and 20th century and his adoption of yoga tradition excluding the asanas, the Yoga gurus from India were introduced to the West of the world. As many people consider Yoga as a form of exercise, so yoga was accepted as the same in the Western countries at the beginning. People considered yoga as a posture based physical fitness, stress-relief and relaxation technique. But in India , Yoga has a bigger perspective than just being a form of exercise. In India , people practice yoga as a meditative and spiritual core which is believed to have its own epistemology and metaphysics and can be closely related to Hindu Samkhya philosophy.
Impact of Yoga in people’s lives
There has been a comprehensive and detailed studies behind the impact of postural yoga for a long time. It has been a topic of systematic studies , with evidence that regular yoga practice is very beneficial for low back pain and mental and physical stress. UNESCO listed Yoga as an intangible cultural heritage on 1st December 2016.
Yoga is Moksha, it ultimately aims at liberation in spite of depending on the philosophical system with which it is conjugated.
According to Jacobson, there are 5 principal meanings to Yoga. They are:-
Pros and Cons of Yoga
Primarily Yoga has very small number of down sides. The pros of Yoga are listed below.
Everything in this world has some down sides to them. Although, the cons of Yoga are very few but it has some cons which are significant. Irregular and improper practice of yoga can lead to serious consequences in the form of body ace, hypertension, break ace and even break down of nervous system at times. Also if you do not perform yoga under the guidance of a trained and skilled yoga trainer without performing with proper poses, you might face the following problems.